Really Old News-The French Revolution

By Teddy Walker

The French Revolution happened between 1787 and 1799. It’s often referred to as the Revolution of 1789 to distinguish it from later revolutions in France. Over the course of the revolution, the French feudal system was destroyed and Napoleon became the ruler of France.

The revolution, like all great political change, had many driving factors. Among them included the rising price of bread, high taxes, national debt, and poor harvest. Much of France’s problems with money were due to their support of the American revolution. The support of the United States left France on the verge of bankruptcy and caused the Monarchy to increase taxes on the nation. This largely affected those who were not of noble birth, of which there was a massively increasing number.

Between 1715 and 1800, the european population had doubled in number. This, combined with a growing commoner merchant class and better education and living conditions, caused a significant degree of political unrest as the lower classes sought to remove the last vestiges of the feudal system from their lives. While this problem was prevalent throughout Europe, it was much more of an issue in France as it had the largest population of any european nation and a crippled economy.

In 1789, the period known as the Great Fear began. On July 14, Parisian rioters took the Bastille (a large fortress in Paris) to secure weapons in an effort to prevent an aristocratic conspiracy. In the days that followed, the estates of the wealthy were attacked and many feudal documents proving nobility and the like were destroyed.

In 1792, France declared war on Austria. The monarchy hoped that the war would either enforce the power of the crown or allow another nation’s army to save the king from his own people. A few months latter, the kingdom of Prussia joined with Austria against France and battles largely resulted in french defeat for the rest of the year.

In early 1793, the french king was put on trial before the national convention ( a proto-senate/parliament of sorts) and sentenced to death for treason. Latter in the year, the reign of terror began. The reign started on 19 Fructidor, year 1 and ended on 9 Thermidor, year 2. If you don’t know when that is it’s because revolutionary France decided to use a stupid calendar that didn’t work very well because time doesn’t fit into a metric system. From mid 1793 to mid 1794, about 300,000 people were arrested by revolutionaries. About 17,000 were tried and executed while many more were killed without trial or died in prison.

Following a victory over Austria and the reoccupation of Belgium, the reign of terror was ended. This led to another, albeit smaller, wave of unrest across France. During this time, royalist revolutionaries attempted the “white terror” and tried to seize control of Paris. They were crushed by the armies of Napoleon and were unsuccessful in reinstalling the monarchs.

Sources:

https://history.state.gov/milestones/1784-1800/french-rev

https://www.britannica.com/event/French-Revolution

http://www.history.com/topics/french-revolution

Kinds of Monotony that aren’t Monotonous

By Eden Pearl

Something of an introduction to a rant/self help book in the form of a blog post, written by a teenager to evoke the feelings of companionship & understanding/An Attempt to replicate a blogger

Mornings are never the same. I’ve often wanted desperately that bleeding, beautifully scheduled monotony, but it was never destined for me. Boredom is the least of my problems. Boredom is a lovely feeling, as when I experience boredom I know that there are no hidden worries under the doorstep. When I’m bored, I’m not scared (I can think of three times I’ve felt genuine fear, There are few feelings as safe as boredom). Happy is wonderfully painted but it’s destined to end. I’m not nihilistic; I think everything matters. For those that are lucky enough to have monotony; I am pleased for you. You’ve accomplished what I’ve always pleaded with myself to achieve. However, if your boredom is crushing, crushing your feet and back of your neck, I’m afraid that’s not quite boredom anymore. We may have a bigger problem than I have a solution for. And why shouldn’t you bite off more than you can chew? If you feel good enough where you want to take that risk, and it’s not something bubbling up from your throat simmering in the back of every moment you know, then be wary. If you’re looking for something to make you happy, I don’t have an answer for you. Nothing can make you happy. But, see, again, there are people who seem to have found relief in their god or gods or goddesses which can be a way to start progress towards happiness. But it isn’t the god that makes you happy, it’s the stories and teachings that teach you to take care of yourself. When people finally get happy, they thank god, which is perfectly alright, no problem. All to them. When people start taking care of themselves, their life changes. Now, I do not mean this with the intent of “go take a bubble bath and get over it”. We all know that’s bull. If you want to feel okay enough to spend your free time, to use your free time well enough to learn guitar, there is a different way to go about it. Most people want to do things. It’s hard to do things. What I realized, (actually just now, maybe this will be edited out later) is that no matter how much you want to pack your schedule, fill your day with tennis and language and school and music, you can’t do it all at one. There’s a reason New Year’s resolutions or fad diet plans don’t go out the way you want them too. Because no matter how much planning you do, your plan for yourself will always be out of reach. If you are someone who takes tennis and ballet and swims competitively while simultaneously competing with the top minds in the nation, you’re either someone being forced to do these things or you have your life together. Polar opposites. If you’re really being controlled, you’re not happy. You can be happy, but most of your days have some sort of cloud over them, whether it be the raining or snowing or hailing type. If you don’t really relate to any of these things, that’s absolutely fine! People like different things; you’re not expected to like everything. But maybe this is not for people who are looking for a quick answer on how to feel good this second. I suppose this is written for those mentally ill, depressed, anxiety-ridden, or people with problems that won’t go away. I’m not here to tell you how to live your life, but I kind of am, however, most importantly, you don’t have to listen to me. Do with my thoughts what you will.

Signing off, a teenager constantly searching for answers

(I’ve written about nothing here)